Tuesday 29th January. The Victoria Cross medal was introduced by Queen Victoria to reward acts of valour during the Crimean War. The traditional explanation of the source of the gunmetal from which the medals are struck is that it derives from Russian cannon captured at the siege of Sevastopol.
The current source of Victoria Cross metal is thought to be a cascabel – the round protrusion at the back of a cannon – stored at a Ministry of Defence depot in Donnington, Shropshire.
Who has received the Victoria Cross?
Three people have been awarded the VC and Bar, which is a medal for two actions; Noel Chavasse, Arthur Martin-Leake and Charles Upham.
Is the Victoria Cross the highest military Honour?
Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for valour in the British armed forces, awarded for extreme bravery in the face of the enemy. It was instituted in 1856 by Queen Victoria at the request of her consort, Prince Albert. Only 1,348 crosses have been awarded since the honour was instituted.
Can a civilian win a VC?
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest and most prestigious award of the British honours system. It may be awarded to a person of any military rank in any service and to civilians under military command although no civilian has received the award since 1879.
What benefits do VC winners get?
Recipients of the Victoria Cross or the Victoria Cross for Australia may be granted an annual Victoria Cross Allowance. A veteran may also receive a Victoria Cross allowance or annuity that is of a similar kind from a foreign country.